Sandy and Katrina: Managing Cities for Future Disasters in the 21st Century "
Hurricane Sandy and Katrina exposed the vulnerabilities of federal, state and local governments’ ability to respond to the needs of high-risk inner-city communities. In addition, community and faith based organizations lacked understanding about the role of traditional organizations such as FEMA and the Red Cross. Therefore, there is a need for community/religious based organizations serving at risk population to develop disaster-training programs. The goals should be to meet the needs of our communities before, during and after disasters. In order not to witness the death, suffering and destruction that took place during and after hurricane Katrina and Sandy. This training will cover the current earthquake in Haiti.
Why is Disaster Education Training Necessary For At Risk Populations?
In many communities, emergency disaster plans are prepared on the assumption that citizens will look after themselves. In these same communities, disaster plans are generally developed on the assumption that that essential services and emergency assistance will be provided by community agencies. Disaster plans, as well as plans for other potential disasters, are often based on the assumption that water, gas, electricity, food supplies, communication systems, and transportation systems will remain available and operative. Little effective attention has been given to the necessity for self-sufficiency and the state of isolation that could realistically confront at-risk populations in case of a major disaster.
It is generally unclear just what at risk populations are expected to do in disasters, and they are untrained for some of the responsibilities most often expected of them.
It is assumed that citizens will give first aid in an emergency, but few citizens are trained in first aid and there are usually no requirements for such training. Further, citizens are not systematically briefed on the many problems that must be dealt with in case of a disaster, or on the special needs of children, youth and elderly on such occasions.
From the first hour following natural or man-made disasters, citizens will be torn between responsibilities towards their jobs, homes and concern for their own families.
There is little evidence of programs for training at risk communities to understand and deal with disasters at school, home, or in the community. The purpose of the Millions More Movement Disaster Management Training Program is to provide a service to these populations and communities.